Better CRM Through GIS
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Raena DeMaris is the owner of DeMaris Integrated GeoSpatial Solutions, LLC (DIGS), founded in January 2011. DIGS is a small woman-owned business specializing in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) particularly as it relates to cartographic design, cultural resources, demographic and environmental science analysis. Ms. DeMaris possesses seventeen years of professional experience in archaeology and cultural resource management (CRM), which affords a unique understanding of the ways in which GIS can aid in CRM processes. Because of her cultural resource experience, she has devised creative GIS solutions to CRM challenges and understands the unique ways in which GIS can assist CRM projects and solve CRM problems.

In the past four years of business ownership, Ms. DeMaris has developed diverse skillsets in data visualization, data modeling, cartography, database management and spatial analysis. She recognizes her clients’ unique needs for confidentiality and is accustomed to the data sensitivity issues that accompany spatial projects. Ms. DeMaris has worked closely with agency cultural resource reviewers, contracting program managers, and cultural resource personnel to create, analyze, and contribute GIS data for project purposes.


  • 17 years of experience in cultural resource management including 3 years with the Forest Service and 14 years in private consultation in 9 U.S. States
  • 6 years specialization in GIS data collection and management, cartographic representation, and spatial data analysis, particularly relating to cultural resource and environmental sciences
  • 10 years of specialization in mapping and documenting archaeological sites using GPS technology
  • 4 internal recognition awards from CH2M HILL project managers and co-workers in 2009 for outstanding client service, expertise in cultural resources, and excellence in responsiveness to GIS and cultural resource project needs
  • Understanding of NEPA, Section 106 and 110, ARPA, NAGPRA, Section 4(f), SEPA, SEQA, and other federal, state, and local legislation regulating cultural resource management


B.S., Anthropology, Brigham Young University, 2002, minor Conservation Biology
Certificate, Geographic Information Systems, Eastern Washington University, 2009
Courses toward MGIS, Geographic Information Systems, The Pennsylvania State University 2011
Historic Preservation M.A. (no degree) coursework completed, University of Oregon, 2004


→ Mastery of: ArcGIS ArcInfo 9x and 10x for Windows, including ArcMap, ArcCatalog, ArcToolbox, Workstation, ARC/INFO 7.2 Workstation; 3D and Spatial Analyst Extensions, and ArcScene

→ GPS Skills, including creating data dictionaries, collecting GPS data in fieldwork settings, and using Trimble GPS units, uploading, downloading, correcting, exporting and manipulating GPS data

→ GIS Spatial and Attribute Analyses, Extraction and Overlay operations using attribute tables, images, standalone tables, geodatabases, calculation of fields, and emphasizing analysis relating to the social sciences (e.g. using Census table data)

→ GIS Data Organization and Management, including cleaning database geometry and attributes, creating and enforcing topology, and writing and editing metadata documents

→ Experience using 3D Analyst and Spatial Analyst extensions for viewshed and cut/fill analysis, recreating historic ground surfaces, and surface analysis

→ Skilled at interchange of Google Earth files (KML and KMZ), CAD data formats, Trimble and Garmin GPS files, and ArcGIS files (shapefiles and geodatabases)

→ Historic/Modern Air Photo interpretation and georeferencing in support of archaeological fieldwork; interpretation of remote-sensing images; adept at map reading in field settings

→ Cartographic design and layout skills using ArcMap, ArcScene, some Adobe Illustrator and Photoshop

→ Skilled in fieldwork planning and execution: designs fieldwork methodology and approach, leads field crews in survey; testing and excavation; documents findings in technical memoranda and state archaeological forms and databases

→ Research savvy in OR, WA, ID, CA, AK, UT, MT, AR and WY: historical societies, county, state and community libraries, chain of title and tax lot research at county assessment and taxation offices, architectural and engineering research for buildings and bridges, oral history interviews, census research and internet research

→ High Proficiency in: Microsoft Office Suite including Microsoft Access databases; Adobe software experience including Standard and Professional (some Photoshop)


Raena possesses over thirteen years of professional cultural resource experience. Because of this, she is able to devise unique ways in which GIS can assist CRM projects and solve CRM problems. She has used GPS professionally to document cultural resources since 2000, and has performed GIS tasks professionally since April 2007. This work included GPS data collection, data dictionay design, GPS data processing and integration, geo-spatial data management, and analysis of data for use in project planning. She specializes in cartography, and is particularly adept at symbolizing data related to cultural resources and the social sciences. Raena contributes maps and figures to cultural resource discipline reports as well as environmental remediation projects, environmental and transportation planning projects, and proposal efforts.

In the past several years, Raena has routinely developed and shared cultural resource site point, line, and polygon data, as well as surveyed areas data with the existing federal government GIS databases. She has worked closely with agency cultural resource reviewers, contracting program managers, and cultural resource personnel to create, analyze, and contribute cultural resource GIS data for project purposes. Further, she creates cultural resource-related maps and figures for use at Tribal meetings, in project planning efforts, in cultural and environmental project reports, in archaeological site forms, and in NEPA documents. Raena has strong written communication skills. Her commitment to quality and client service is reflected in numerous recognition awards from previous employers.

In the past, her cultural resource role, Raena conducted literature searches, researched cultural and environmental contexts, and completed chain-of-title and tax lot research and primary historical research at county, city, and state libraries, historical societies, museums, and county assessor offices. She has worked in Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming, Texas, Montana, Colorado, Arkansas, and Alaska. She has extensive experience developing and leading field inventory surveys, and in performing subsurface testing and data recovery of archaeological sites under the direction of principal investigators. Moreover, she has documented literally hundreds of archaeological sites, prepared Determinations of Eligibility, and has authored and co-authored numerous technical memoranda, EIS/EA sections and other NEPA documents.


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